Denef and Douglas have observed that in certain landscape models the problem of finding small values of the cosmological constant is a large instance of an NP-hard problem. The number of elementary operations (quantum gates) needed to solve this problem by brute force search exceeds the estimated computational capacity of the observable universe. Here we describe a way out of this puzzling circumstance: despite being NP-hard, the problem of finding a small cosmological constant can be attacked by more sophisticated algorithms whose performance vastly exceeds brute force search. In fact, in some parameter regimes the average-case complexity is polynomial. We demonstrate this by explicitly finding a cosmological constant of order 10\−120 in a randomly generated 109 -dimensional ADK landscape.

}, doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.96.103512}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1706.08503}, author = {Ning Bao and Raphael Bousso and Stephen P. Jordan and Brad Lackey} }