Cavity Quantum Eliashberg Enhancement of Superconductivity


Jonathan Curtis (JQI and CMTC)
Friday, April 12, 2019 - 12:00pm
PSC 2136

 Driving a conventional superconductor with an appropriately tuned classical electromagnetic field can lead to an enhancement of superconductivity via a redistribution of the quasiparticles into a more favorable non-equilibrium distribution – a phenomenon known as the Eliashberg effect. Here we theoretically consider coupling a two-dimensional superconducting film to the quantized electromagnetic modes of a microwave resonator cavity. As in the classical Eliashberg case, we use a kinetic equation to study the effect of the fluctuating, dynamical electromagnetic field on the Bogoliubov quasiparticles. We find that when the photon and quasiparticle systems are out of thermal equilibrium, a redistribution of quasiparticles into a more favorable non-equilibrium steady- state occurs, thereby enhancing superconductivity in the sample. We predict that by tailoring the cavity environment (e.g. the photon occupation and spectral functions), enhancement can be observed in a variety of parameter regimes, offering a large degree of tunability.